Was America’s response to the 9/11 attacks at the root of today’s instability and terror? Because of various factors, including climate change, ISIS, the war in Syria, the growing numbers of immigrants, and the growing strength of fascist parties in Europe, commentators have increasingly been pointing out that the chaos in the world today was sparked by the post-9/11 attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq. At the same time, there has also been much discussion of ways in which the Bush-Cheney administration’s response to 9/11 has damaged America itself by stimulating Islamophobia and fascist sentiments, undermining key elements in its Constitution, moving towards a police state, and in general weakening its democracy. While the first two parts of this book discuss various ways in which 9/11 has ruined America and the world, the third part discusses a question that is generally avoided: Were the Bush-Cheney attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq really at the root of the ruination of America and the world in general, or did the original sin lie in 9/11 itself?
David Ray Griffin is professor emeritus at Claremont Graduate University and Claremont School of Theology and also a director of the Center for Process Studies. He has published 40-some books, including Unprecedented: Can Civilization Survive the CO2 Crisis? And, most recently Bush and Cheney: How They Ruined America and the World. Elizabeth Woodworth is a professional sciences librarian who has written books and articles in the fields of nuclear disarmament, climate change, and the events of 9/11. Her “What Can I Do?” Citizen Strategies for Nuclear Disarmament was carried by UN bookstores and discussed in Canadian Parliament.